This was a good post. I agree with you that Islam does not nurture mutiny. A bad ruler is preferable to rebellion, just because in period of calm there is much thinking and intellectual development compared to in period of civil war. Most of the great Muslim scholars wrote great books while they were imprioned by the rulers of Muslims. Today we see in Iraq that the US has unleased great fitna in the land by removing Saddam Hussein.
Shehzad Saleem (Excerpt from the book: Islam and Non-Muslims: A New Perspective)
مَنْ رَأَى مِنْ أَمِيرِهِ شَيْئًا يَكْرَهُهُ فَلْيَصْبِرْ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ فَارَقَ الْجَمَاعَةَ شِبْرًا فَمَاتَ إِلَّا مَاتَ مِيتَةً جَاهِلِيَّةً. (بخاري: رقم 7054)
He who sees something despicable in his ruler should bear it, for he who even slightly disassociates himself from the state system and dies in this condition shall die the death of ignorance. (Bukhari: No. 7054)
Another text of this Hadith reads:
مَنْ كَرِهَ مِنْ أَمِيرِهِ شَيْئًا فَلْيَصْبِرْ فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ خَرَجَ مِنْ السُّلْطَانِ شِبْرًا مَاتَ مِيتَةً جَاهِلِيَّةً. (بخاري: رقم 7053)
He who sees something despicable in his ruler should bear it for he who even slightly disassociates himself from the obedience of sovereign crown and dies in this condition shall die the death of ignorance. (Bukhari: No. 7053)
In times of political anarchy and chaos, the Prophet has directed Muslims not only to refrain from participating in any activity against the state, but also to obey state authority with complete faithfulness and sincerity.
تلزم جماعة المسلمين و امامهم
([In such a state of chaos], remain attached to the state system and to the ruler of the Muslims.)
عَلَيْكَ السَّمْعَ وَالطَّاعَةَ فِي عُسْرِكَ وَيُسْرِكَ وَمَنْشَطِكَ وَمَكْرَهِكَ وَأَثَرَةٍ عَلَيْكَ. (مسلم:رقم 1836)
It is your duty to listen and obey your rulers whether you are in difficulty or at ease, whether willingly or unwillingly and even when you do not receive what is your right. (Muslim: No. 1836)
عَلَى الْمَرْءِ الْمُسْلِمِ السَّمْعُ وَالطَّاعَةُ فِيمَا أَحَبَّ وَكَرِهَ إِلَّا أَنْ يُؤْمَرَ بِمَعْصِيَةٍ فَإِنْ أُمِرَ بِمَعْصِيَةٍ فَلَا سَمْعَ وَلَا طَاعَةَ. (مسلم: رقم 1839)
اسْمَعُوا وَأَطِيعُوا وَإِنْ اسْتُعْمِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَبْدٌ حَبَشِيٌّ كَأَنَّ رَأْسَهُ زَبِيبَةٌ. (بخاري: رقم 7142)
Listen and obey even if a negro slave whose head is like a raisin is made your ruler. (Bukhari: No. 7142)
This directive of obeying those in authority obviously relates to Muslim rulers only. This is indicated by the word منكم (Minkum: among you) which qualifies the word اولو الامر (U%lu’l-‘Amr: those in authority) in 4:59, the verse under discussion. The Prophet (sws) while explaining this has stated that once a ruler does not fulfill the conditions stated in the Qur’an that make him a Muslim, he is not to be obeyed.
The Prophet called us to pledge allegiance to him which we did. We had been asked to pledge to the following: We shall listen and obey whether willingly or unwillingly whether we are in difficulty or at ease, and even when we do not receive what is your right and that we shall not contest the authority of our rulers.
سَتَكُونُ أُمَرَاءُ فَتَعْرِفُونَ وَتُنْكِرُونَ فَمَنْ عَرَفَ بَرِئَ وَمَنْ أَنْكَرَ سَلِمَ وَلَكِنْ مَنْ رَضِيَ وَتَابَعَ قَالُوا أَفَلَا نُقَاتِلُهُمْ قَالَ لَا مَا صَلَّوْا. (مسلم: رقم 1854
No as long as they keep offering the prayer. (Muslim: No. 1854)
َشِرَارُ أَئِمَّتِكُمْ الَّذِينَ تُبْغِضُونَهُمْ وَيُبْغِضُونَكُمْ وَتَلْعَنُونَهُمْ وَيَلْعَنُونَكُمْ قِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَفَلَا نُنَابِذُهُمْ بِالسَّيْفِ فَقَالَ لَا مَا أَقَامُوا فِيكُمْ الصَّلَاةَ (مسلم: رقم 1855)
The worst of your rulers are those whom you hate and who hate you; you curse them and they curse you.
No, as long as they establish the prayer among you. (Muslim: No. 1855)
However, even in these circumstances, no one Muslim citizen has been given the permission to revolt against the government unless he has the backing of a clear majority behind him. The reason for this is that if the majority does not support him then such a revolt would not be against the government; on the contrary, it would be against other Muslim citizens, which according to the Shari‘ah is فساد فى الارض (Fasad fil-Ard: Spreading disorder in the society) — an offence punishable by death.
The Prophet (sws) is reported to have said:
مَنْ أَتَاكُمْ وَأَمْرُكُمْ جَمِيعٌ عَلَى رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَشُقَّ عَصَاكُمْ أَوْ يُفَرِّقَ جَمَاعَتَكُمْ فَاقْتُلُوهُ. (مسلم: رقم 1852)
You are organized under the rule of a person and someone tries to break your collectivity apart or disrupt your government, kill him. (Muslim: No. 1852)
sorry but I dont agree with a part of it Re: To PD Name: Kansaa 29/9/2004(1:50) GMT Reply
The ruler that the Ahadith were talking about were Muslim rulers who applied Islamic Shariah as a base. They are rulers who do not spread destruction -as the writer says fasaad fi Alard.
Saddam has been strictly anti Islamic thru out his rule, he has never wavered in his battle against the religious section of the public, and he never waned in his battle against them, his mumblings into the Quraan during his trial fool no one. He was a strict Baathist and this is equivalent to anti Muslim- does anyone doubt this????
How many Iraqi Muslim scholars have found iraq no longer a haven as any patriotic land should be? How many have sought refuge from his cruel dictatorship? and how many have perished in his dungeons? He never upheld Islam. As such he had and has and would never have wilaaya from Muslims.
So it is not true that you say, the removal of Saddam caused fitna.
Not so, the fitna is caused by the Americans themselves and the remnants of the criminal, Saddamian police and whatever they have salvaged to fight against the people. what government are they trying to force upon the people? what right do they have to force any? who are they but a rabble of pirates causing fitna and chaos to get as much as they can of the booty-it is they are the culprits and it is they are to blame for any fitna, you think the Iraqis aren’t capable of creating their own government and stablising their own country? they have the ability and the man power-they aren’t a band of illiterates you are talking about some very intelligent people and if the Americans would take a hike to hell or back to their own lands you would find that things aren’t in the least bit chaotic.
BUT pls note what would happen would be that the greatest Saddamian opposition would be in power and that my brother is the religious opposition-not you must realise the sort of government that America can allow is it?