outlets or exits of the arabic letters!

Full Version: The outlets or exits of the arabic letters!
IslamMessage > ENGLISH > Learning Arabic
Amira2003Jun 17 2003, 01:12 PM
[b:94533a715c][size=18:94533a715c]In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful[/size:94533a715c][/b:94533a715c]

To be able to recite the Quran correctly you need to pronounce each letter from its correct outlet otherwise you could be mistaken. In total there are 17 outlets ,however there are 5 main outlets which are the [b:94533a715c]pharyngeal abdomen ,throat ,tongue ,lips ,nose[/b:94533a715c]. To be able to know the outlet of a letter all you need to do is to pronounce it with first putting Hamzat al wasal(همزة الوصل) in front of the letter and then putting Sukoon on top or Shadah as shown in the pictures below for example: go to number 3 and press on the letter in the green box the circle that appears on the top is called Sukoon(سكون) and if you double click you will see what is called shadah(شدة) on top, the place where the sound ends is the outlet. The link below is showing some of the letters all you have to do is to press on the green box.

http://www.islamschool.com/RIDA/outletes.htm

n the Arabic alphabet there are in total 28 letters , each letter has an outlet however sometimes more than one letter share the same outlet as you will see below.

1. [b:94533a715c]The Throat [/b:94533a715c]:- there are 3 outlets in the throat and in total the throat is the outlet for 6 letters.
• The extreme end of the throat on the chest side and it’s the outlet for الهمزة(أ and الهاء(ه.
• The middle of the throat and it’s the outlet for العين(ع) and الحاء(ح .
• The beginning of the throat on the mouth side and it’s the outlet for الغين(غ and الخاء(خ .

2. [b:94533a715c]The Tongue[/b:94533a715c]:- there are 10 outlets on the tongue and in total the tongue is the outlet for 18 letters.
• The extreme end of the tongue that is after the throat and meets with the upper palate and it’s the outlet for القاف(ق .
• The extreme end of the tongue a little bit beneath the outlet of القاف(ق and it’s the outlet for الكاف(ك .
• The middle of the tongue and what corresponds to it at the upper palate and it’s the outlet for(ش )الجيم(ج), الشين and الياء(ي .
• From either side of the tongue or both and what corresponds with the upper molars and it’s the outlet for الضاد(ض) .
• Between the 2 sides of the tongue after the outlet of الضاد(ض) and what corresponds to them from the gums of the upper first incisors and it’s the outlet for اللام(ل ,and this letters has the widest outlet.
• Between the tip of the tongue and what corresponds to it from the gums of the first incisors and it’s the outlet for النون(ن .
• Between the tip of the tongue with its back side also that which is after the tip and what corresponds to them from the gums of the top 2 first incisors and it’s the outlet for الراء (ر .
• Between the tip of the back of the tongue and what corresponds to them from the gums of the top first incisors and it’s the outlet for الدال (د), التاء (ت and الطاء(ط .
• From the tip of the tongue and between the lower first incisors and it’s the outlet for الصاد(ص),الزاى(ز) and السين(س) .
• Between the tip of the tongue and the tip of the upper first incisors and it’s the outlet for الذال(ذ),الثاء(ث and الظاء(ظ) .

3. [b:94533a715c]The Lips[/b:94533a715c]:- and it has 2 detailed outlets and in total it’s the outlet for 3 letters.

• The inner side of the bottom lower lip and the tips of the upper first incisors and it’s the outlet for الفاء (ف.
• Between the 2 lips when they meet it’s the outlet for الميم (م and الباء (ب and when they open for الواو (و.

4. [b:94533a715c]The Nose[/b:94533a715c]:- the method that will enable a person to know an outlet of a letter was mentioned at the first paragraph . Furthermore there are 2 letters, one is النون(نand if you put sukoon(سكون) on top of this letter it’s outlet then becomes the Nose .The second letter is الميم(م if you put Shadah(شدة) on top of this letter then it’s outlet becomes the Nose.

[b:94533a715c][i:94533a715c]Those are the outlets for the 28 main letters; however we must keep in mind that Arabic letters are not like English letters and some of the Arabic letters can exist in more than one form and this change in form causes change of outlet sometimes. However for now the outlets for the 28 main letters are all that is needed. The main aim of knowing those outlets is that it will help the person to have better understanding of the Arabic letters and how to pronounce them correctly[/i:94533a715c].[/b:94533a715c]

[i:94533a715c]May Allah guide us and all muslims and save us from the hell fire.[/i:94533a715c]

[u:94533a715c][b:94533a715c]Note:- any corrections or comments from my brothers and sisters in faith are welcome. Jazakom Allaho Khairan[/b:94533a715c][/u:94533a715c]

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